Facts about Haiti
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, sharing the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. It is located about 690 miles south of Miami.
Haiti’s population is roughly 10 million. The official languages are French and Creole. About 80 percent to the population is Roman Catholic.
The country’s president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term. The current president, as of January 2015, is President Michel Martelly. The legislative branch, or National Assembly, is made up of a Senate and Chamber of Deputies.
Information on the Earthquake:
Source: U.S. Department of State and Central Intelligence Agency
- The 2010 earthquake struck at 4:53 p.m. on January 12. The epicenter of the 7.0 magnitude quake was located about 15 miles west of the capital of Port-au-Prince.
- Estimates on the number of deaths caused by the earthquake varies widely, from about 200,000 to more than 300,000.
- More than 1 million people were left homeless or displaced.
- The earthquake was determined to be the worst in the region in more than 200 years.